Belarusian American Revolutionary
We will visit the birthplace of Tadeusz Kościuszko, a general in the American revoltution who emigrated from Belarus.
Start your route in Ivatsevichi, which you can easily reach by train.
Your next point will be in Kosava, but on your way, 1 km to the north from the town, you can take a look at an interesting object: a station of Struve Geodetic Arc. It’s the biggest instrument for the first accurate measurement of a meridian and a real monument for the scientific and technical progress of the XIX century. The chain was established by the German-Russian scientist Struve.
In Kosava you can take your time to admire Puslowski Castle built in Gothic Revival style. It didn’t look typical for Belarus in the early XIX century, when it was built.
The building was burnt during the war. A massive building has 12 towers: one for each month of the year. Summer towers are in the middle and they stand for the richest months (from May till August). There were 132 rooms here, some of them with glass floor with aquarium full of fish underneath. Again some legends say that there were underground passages big enough for a carriage to go in them. Also as in Kosava, pay a visit to the nearby museum of Tadeusz Kasciuszko, military engineer and national hero of four countries: Belarus, Poland, Lithuania and, surprisingly, United States.
Ruzhany. Some call the castle ruins ‘Belarusian Versailles’. The castle was founded in the beginning of the XVII century and the chancellor of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania Lew Sapieha was dwelling here.
So as to make life there not only comfortable, but also secure, three massive defensive towers were added to the complex. Important state issues were discussed in here, noble families used to organize balls on the site, and the whole Sapieha’s archive and the state treasury were kept in the castle. After the uprising of 1831 was defeated, the Sapiehas left the residence and the castle turned into a textile factory. During World War I burnt and after World War the idea of restoration was forgotten completely.
Another point of interest here is the Church of Holy Trinity (Pervamajskaia str. 12) built in 1617 in Barocco style (which was changed to classicism after restoration) and the Orthodox Church of Saint Peter and Paul(17th September square) – Barocco again but from the year 1778.